Satun is a small province in the south of Thailand that borders Malaysia, facing the Andaman Sea. The province possesses renowned picturesque islands with verdant forests and mountainous land. The majority of locals are Muslim. It is located 973 kilometres from Bangkok and occupies an area of 2,478 square kilometres with 80 kilometres of coastline.
Most of the area is mountainous, with plains in the centre near the coast. Brooks lie in the east of Satun, mangroves can be found along the coast and there are more than 100 offshore islands. Famous islands are Ko Tarutao Ko Adang and Ko Rawi and Mu Ko Phetra.
The province's Matsayit Klang (Central Mosque) has a modern architectural design and is centrally located in the provincial city.
A mixture of western and Islamic designs can be seen in the structure of the former provincial hall, the Kuden Mansion.
The Tarutao National Marine Park is the most southwestern part of Thailand, and is only 8 km from the Malaysian island of Langkawi. Tarutao is renowned for its superb diving sites, considered to be among the best in the world. Offshore sightings of whales, dugongs, and dolphins are common. There is a rich concentration of fish life, with about 92 species of all the coral fishes in the world here. For many centuries, the islands had a sinister reputation as a pirate's lair that was finally curtailed by the British Royal Navy in the 1960s. In 1974, it became Thailand 's first marine national park, containing spectacular, unspoiled scenery and marine ecosystem, and a wide variety of wildlife and marine animals. The park is only accessible during mid-November to mid-May because of the monsoon season. Consists of 51 islands, the major attractions are Tarutao Islands, the Adang-Rawi Islands and Lipey Island.
The largest island in the group is the 26-km long Koh Tarutao. It offers the greatest scenic variety, with semi-evergreens covering most of the surface and wonderful, pristine beaches on the western coast, where most accommodations and facilities are located. Popular excursions include a visit to see the remnants of a large, former Thai prison camp, the half-hour climb to To-Bo Cliff to watch the sunset and a boat trip to stalagmite-filled Crocodile Cave, though no crocodiles inhabit the place anymore.
Situated 40 km west of Tarutao Island, rugged Koh Adang is thickly forested and has many year-round waterfalls. On the southwestern coast, the spectacular Rattana Falls has a freshwater rock pool that overlooks the sea. Within that group of islands is the tiny, coral-fringed Koh Kai (Egg Island) where sea turtles come to lay their eggs on the fine sands annually. The famous rock arch seen in many postcards is also located on this island. The smaller island of Koh Lipey, 2 km south of Adang has coconut plantations with pleasant footpaths and pristine sandy beaches. It also contains a sea gypsies community, who were displaced from Koh Adang and Koh Rawi when the park was created. For excellent corals, visit Koh Kra off Lipey's eastern coast and Koh Yang, located midway between the Adang and Rawi Islands. Of those mentioned, rudimentary accommodations and food can only be found on Adang Island and Lipey Island.
The unusual beach of Koh Hin Ngam, located southwest of Adang Island, is filled with many smooth, oval-shaped rocks. When the tide washes in, the bathed rocks produce an impressively striking, colorful appearance plus a melodic rustling noise. It is believed that anyone who takes one of these rocks from the island will encounter various forms of disasters and accidents, which is why the beach is still full of these rocks.
The 2 islands that make up the Mu Koh Salai (Seaweed Island) contain fishing communities that have retained their traditional lifestyle, and a beautiful shell beach.
Back on the mainland, the Thale Ban (Ban Lake) National Park is a lush expanse of water within the Banthat Mountains close to the Malaysian border and surrounded by dense tropical rainforests. Covering an area of 102 sq km teeming with a variety of wildlife, it offers some marked trails, scattered waterfalls, bathing pools, grassy meadows, and a cut-through cave accessible by boat.
Khao Tho Yakong is a small hill with a cliff, a cave and the Chao Kak Shrine highly respected by the locals.
Many fishing villages inhabit the area of Tun Yong Po Cape, located at the Satune Delta, which also has pristine, white sandy beaches and dense coconut groves.
Satun Central Mosque (Majid Mambang) is located on Buri Wanit Road and Satun Thani Road in the center of Satun. The mosque was built in modern Islamic architecture style and decorated with marble and colorful glasses. The building is divided into two parts: outside is a corridor that leads to a dome tower where there are picturesque views of Satun and inside is a prayer hall. The library is located in the basement. Previously, Masjid Bambang was a one storey building. Its unique three-tier roofs were arranged in a pyramid shape with the smallest one on the top and the largest at the bottom to cover the whole building. The floors were covered with brown tiles. The interior measured 13 meters both in length and width and the building was supported by four wooden poles. The original Masjid had deteriorated because of its wooden structures and because it was too small to accommodate worshippers performing prayers. It was then uprooted and rebuilt on the same plot of land. The new building was completed in May 1979.
Ku Den Museum is situated on Satun Thani Road, opposite the Satun Land Department Office. The two-story building received the influence of western styled architecture; particularly the windows and doors which are of Roman motifs. The roofs were designed in the Thai 's Panya style. The windows were assembled with narrow strips of boards arranged horizontally. The semi - circular clay tiles were used to cover the roofs. The ventilation at the upper-front of the building is decorated with star-shaped designs, imminently influenced by Muslim architecture. Phraya Phuminatphakdi, the former governor of Satun, built it in 1902 as his residence. The building was used as a city hall, though nowadays it serves as a museum housing antiques and artifacts and exhibiting the local art and culture.
Khao To Phaya Wang Park is located in Satun metropolitan area on Khuha Prawet Road. Surrounded by a small, limestone hill with a cave and a brook, it is teeming with various kinds of trees, which makes the public park peaceful and suitable for recreation.
Laem Than Yong Po and Hat Sai Yao are located at the estuary of Satun Bay and can be reached by boarding a boat for the 1-hour trip from Ko Nok Customs Office or at a pier behind Satun Central Market. Travelling by bus is also possible by riding a bus for 7 kms. to Che Bi Lang Pier, then turn left and continue another 15 kms. to Tan Yong Po. Laem Than Yong Po is a promontory jutting into the Andaman Sea. Tourists are lured here by the fascination of the fishermen's village and a powdery, white sand beach fringed with a large area of coconut grove.
Old Buildings on Buri Wanich Road Located on Buri Wanich Road in Satun municipality area, the 600 meter long row houses provide a pedestrian walkway that is shaded by the upper floor. The front of the concrete walled houses consist of three parts: the Roman styled color glass arch at the top, the wooden board Venetian blinds in the middle, and the solid concrete bottom. These buildings, previously called Phraya Phumin Phakdi's Row houses, were built during the same period as Ku Den Museum. Now some of the houses have been dismantled but most parts still remain.
Ko Langkawi Tourists who want to visit Langkawi Island in Malaysia can board boats from Tam Ma Lang Pier, which is located 5 kms. from town. For information contact the Thai Ferry company tel: 0-7472-2143, 0-7473-0050-1, fax: 0-7471-1782 or Satun Travel and Ferry Company tel: 0-7471-1453, 0-7472-1960
King Amphoe Manang
Tham Phu Pha Phet is a deep, spacious cave located at Moo 6, Ban Pa Phon, Tambon Palm Phatthana. The cave was formerly called Tham Lod, Tham Petch, and Tham Yao. The current name of 'Phu Pha Phet' means diamond cliff, reflective of the glittering and twinkling stalactite and stalagmite formations found in the cave. To get there, drive on the Satun-Hat Yai Road to Khuan Kalong Industrial Estate junction, continue for about 15 kms. to Phang 1 junction, Tambon Udai Charoen, and turn right at the Phang 1 road to reach the King Amphoe Manang District Office. Drive on to Ban Phang Palm 1 junction, and then turn right for 500 meters. Turn right again onto the Phang Palm 1 asphalt road, Ban Pha Pon, then turn left at Pha Pon School and drive for 7 kms.
Tarutao National Park
About 51 large and small islands in the Straits of Malacca in the Indian Ocean was established as "Tarutao National Park" on April 20,1974, making it the nation's first marine national park. Later UNESCO proclaimed the Tarutao National Park as the "Heritage of ASEAN" a place to be protected and conserved for people all over the world to appreciate. It is famous for its distinguished history and natural beauty. Located in the Andaman Sea 40 kms. from town, or 22 kms. from Bara Pier, the park borders Moo Ko Phetra National Park in the north and the Thai-Malaysian sea border in the south. The park consists of 7 large islands namely, Ko Tarutao, Ko Adang, Ko Rawi, Ko Li Pe, Ko Klang, Ko Ba Tuang, and Ko Bit Si. Among these, Ko Tarutao is the largest island. The best time to visit is from November to April.
Attractions in Tarutao National Park :
Ko Tarutao is the biggest island in the park and covers an area of 152 square kms. The island, teeming with verdant forests and white sandy beaches, consists of many large and small coves and bays around the island, each of which runs a small stream flowing from the central part of the island into the sea on the western side. The word Tarutao is derived from the Malay word "Talo Trao" which means 'plenty of bays'. Several attractions on Tarutao Island are as follows:
Beaches and bays abound on the island, including Ao Phante Malaka where the headquarters of the Tarutao National Park is located. At the front of the bay is a canal that runs from the eastern side to the west. There are also Ao Mo and Ao Son that provides camping and diving facilities for viewing corals. Ao Son has the most beautiful stretch of long, powdery sand beach in Tarutao Island. The three-kilometer long beach is ideal for swimming because there is a fresh water source nearby for bathing.
Lu Du and Lo Po Waterfalls are located in the area of Ao Son. They are small, but beautiful waterfalls.
Tham Dong is at Ao Ruesi. Tham Chorakhe can be reached by riding a long-tail boat along Khlong Phante Malaka. The 300-meter cave has a walking trail and is well lit for viewing the glittering stalactite and stalagmite formations.
Pha To Bu is a cliff that is 60 meters above sea level and is located behind the office of Tarutao National Park. It is a famous observation point overlooking scenic views of the numerous surrounding islands. A pleasant, twenty-minute walk takes you from Ao Phan Tao to the peaceful, sandy beaches on Ao Mo Lo and Ao Son.
Khlong Phante Malaka is a canal that zigzags through mangrove forests in the central area of Tarutao Island. It is believed that crocodiles once inhabited the canal.
Diving to see corals and fish can be done around Papilon Cliff, which was named after the filming of this movie on the cliff and is 15 feet above sea level. Ao Son and Ko Takiang are also fascinating diving spots.
Exhibition centre showcases animal fossils dating from 400-500 million years ago. Various types of coral reefs and underwater animals are also exhibited.
Sea Turtle Nursery cares for baby sea turtles, such as chelonia mydas and hawksbill turtles, that were found by national park officers.
Penitentiary Memorial on Tarutao Island is comprised of two parts; Ao Talo Udang Prison is at the southernmost bay of Tarutao Island and Ao Talowao Prison, a prison for common and political prisoners, is situated in the south and the east of the island.
The historical six-kilometre road trail was built by prisoners connecting Ao Talowao to Ao Talo Udang and is 12 kilometres long.
Activities on Ko Tarutao:
Walking trail From the National Park Office on Ao Phante Malaka, there is a 12-km. walking trail that runs through verdant forest all the way to Ao Talowao. Alongside the trails are found various types of trees and wild animals, like wild boars, mouse deers, and birds, particularly the hornbills. An 8-km walking trail begins at Ao Ma Lae and ends at Ao Son, passing through virgin forest where various kinds of birds are found. This trail is ideal for birdwatching.
Boat rides around the island on a long-tail boat is highly recommended. The National Park provides boat service with guides for tours around beaches. A typical journey may begin with birdwatching on Ao Chak, followed by visiting the longest, white sandy beach on Tarutao Island at Ao Son, tracing the historical trail on Ao Talo Udang, enjoying the natural beauty on Ao Talowao, and ending with diving and visiting mangrove forests. For more information on one-day trips, contact the tourist center at the Tarutao National Park.
Moo Ko Adang-Rawi is a group of islands located 40 kms. east of Tarutao Island, or 80 kms. from town. Among the various islands in the Straits of Malacca, Adang is the most enchanting. The unbeatable beauty and scenic charms of this 30 sq. km. island is evident in its beautiful sandy beaches, crystal clear waters, and abundant coral reefs. Good dive sites are located around Ko Adang and Ko Rawi. Apart from exquisite corals, Adang offers visitors many enchanting places to visit.
Large mountainside natural reservoirs, forest covered mountains, unrelenting sonorous waterfalls with year-round supply of water, crystal clear streams, and long stretches of white sand beaches around the island, particularly at Ao Son where an area is set aside by the National Park to accommodate 150 campers.
Attractions on Ko Adang include beautiful beaches at Laem Son, Ao Lo, and Ao Ta Lo Re Pa. Ko Rawi also has white sandy beaches.
Observation point at Pha Chado can be reached by walking for 20 minutes. It overlooks verdant pine trees and a white sandy cape on Ko Adang and Ko Li Pe. Being a superb viewpoint for sunrise and sunset, it was once a pirate lookout.
Waterfalls include the small Namtok Chon Salat and the 40-tiered Namtok Rattana. The latter waterfall can be reached by a 30-minute boat ride from Ao Laem Son.
To reach Adang, visitors normally take a boat from Pak Bara Pier in Amphoe La-ngu. Travel can be arranged in advance through the assistance of officials at Tarutao National Park. Most visitors prefer to travel in groups, good for family outings and also saving travelling expenses.
Ko Li Pe, is located 2 kms. south of Ko Adang, where a sea gypsy village is situated. Also known as Nipis Island (meaning "thin" island in Malay), most of inhabitants on Ko Li Pe are Buddhists and engaged in fishing. Visitors to the island are likely to stay overnight during the moonlit nights to witness monthly god - offering ceremonial dances performed by the islanders.
The dance, performed along with the rhythm of the one-sided drum called Ramana, is organized for three nights during the new moon. It is believed that the god - offering dance will dispel all illnesses and evils from the island. In addition, on the thirteenth to the fifteenth day of the sixth and the eleventh lunar month (usually in May and November) the Setting Adrift of Chao Le Boat ceremony can also be observed. The prominence of Ko Li Pe lies on the natural beauty of colorful corals around the island.
Particularly fascinating are the ones in the front of the island where visitors can see mazes of colorful corals and exotic tropical fishes under the clear water, a site comparable to a giant aquarium. Visitors often bring with them diving gears or life preservers for a closer look at the idyllic underwater scenes. The most exciting moment is during low tide when a large expanse of corals emerges, a rare picturesque scene that will be long remembered by visitors. Aside from the coral reefs, Ko Li Pe has beautiful bays and white sandy beaches, with Ao Phatthaya being the most beautiful bay on this island. To reach Ko Li Pe, visitors often use the same route as that of Adang, from where Ko Li Pe is easily accessible.
Ko Hin Ngam (Beautiful Stones Island) is located in the southwest of Ko Adang. Because of its natural wonder, Ko Hin Ngam, part of Adang archipelago, has attracted and inspired visitors from faraway lands to witness the unspoiled beauty of the island. Ko Hin Ngam or Ko Pulo possesses beautiful stones polished and shaped by the everlasting waves hitting the shores year after year. The smooth and shiny surfaced stones of various sizes, shapes, and colors are an amazing sight to beholders.
On this island one can find these stones in black, blue, brown, red, mixed colors or stripes in round, oval, and other shapes. The beaches on the island can be best admired when the sun shines and the waves splash on the stones. The shiny glittering surfaces of the stones reflect the glaring sunshine while the blue waves splash the beaches providing ecstasies for those who witness the event. Of particular joy is the sunset when the last orange rays of the sun touch the pure white foams of the waves giggling on the stones. This memorable scene defies description. To reach Ko Hin Ngam, visitors make a stop at Adang or Li Pe islands first rather than proceeding directly to and staying overnight at Ko Hin Ngam as no accommodation is available on the island.
Ko Khai (Egg Island) is located in the west of Tarutao Island, 40 minutes from Tarutao. Coral reefs can be found around the island. A large stone arch, or "stone gate", that became the logo of Tarutao National Park is located on this island. During November and January, large sea tortoises come ashore and lay eggs on the beaches. Beautiful beaches are ideal for swimming, though camping is not allowed on this island. Further down are large clusters of beautiful corals that can be seen through the crystal clear water during the tourist season.
Diving and snorkeling can be done around Ko Cha Bang where light-coloured flower corals lie underneath the sea. Deepwater and shallow-water snorkeling for antler coral and table coral is recommended around Ko Yang and Ko Kata. Snorkeling for hard coral is recommended around Ko Adang, Ko Rawi, Ko Kra, and Ko Dong. Aside from admiring the breathtaking beauty of the corals, divers can witness the enchantment of exotic fishes, such as stonefish, lionfish, anemonefish, lobster, or even friendly stingrays buried under the powdery white sands, sea porcupines, and colorful seashells scattering around the sea floor.
How to Get To Tarutao National Park and its islands:
Pak Bara Pier is home to the branch office of Tarutao National Park. It is located 22 kms. from Ko Tarutao and is the nearest pier to Tarutao Island.
From Satun to Pak Bara PierPak Bara Pier can be reached by:
Car - Take Highway No. 406 to Ban Chalung, turn left to General Air Post Office No. 416 (Satun-La-ngu), then take Highway No. 4052 (off La-ngu route) to Pak Bara Pier.
Public Transport - Satun-Bara taxi runs from downtown, beside Bangkok Bank, Satun branch. Vans and mini-buses are available from downtown.
From Hat Yai to Pak Bara Pier :Travel to Pak Bara Pier from Hat Yai can be made by:
Car - Drive on Highway No. 406 to Ban Chalung, Satun, turn right to Highway No. 416 (Satun-La-ngu), continue on to Highway No. 4052, (off La-ngu route) to Pak Bara Pier.
Taxi - Hat Yai-Pak Bara taxi is available at Ratthakan Post Office and the President Hotel, then take a La-ngu-Pak Bara line local truck (Song Thaew) at 50 baht per person.
Van - Hat Yai-Pak Bara van is available at Niphat Uthit Road, the fare costs 70 baht per person.
Public Bus - Bus leaves from Hat Yai Bus Terminal, which is located on Kanchanawanit Road to Pak Bara Pier every day. The fare is 43 baht.
From Pak Bara Pier to Tarutao National Park and Neighbouring IslandsDuring the tourist season from November to April, there are ferries running to islands and around Tarautao National Park. The ferries depart from Pak Bara daily at 10.30 a.m. and 3 p.m. and return from Tarutao at 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. A round trip fare costs 240 baht per person.
For a journey between Pak Bara Pier, Adang and Li Pe, Bara Pier at 10.30 a.m., stops at Tarutao National Park, then travel onwards to Adang and Li Pe islands and leave from Li Pe Island at 9 a.m. the next day. A round trip fare costs 440 baht per person.
For a journey between Tarutao and Adang, a boat leaves Tarutao on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at 1 p.m. On return, the boat leaves Adang on Friday, Saturday and Sunday at 9 a.m. The two-hour journey costs 200 baht per person.
Distances from Pak Bara Pier to Islands :Ko Tarutao (Ao Phante Malaka) 22 kilometresKo Adang 80 kilometresKo Li Pe 82 kilometres
Distances from Ko Tarutao to Other Islands :Moo Ko Adang-Rawi 40 kilometresKo Li Pe 40 kilometresKo Khai 14.5 kilometres
Distances from Ko Adang to Other Islands :Ko Li Pe 2 kilometresKo Hin Ngam 2.5 kilometresKo Khai 17 kilometres
Accommodation in Tarutao National Park :
Accommodations are available on Tarutao and Adang islands. For more information, contact the Marine National Park, Forestry Department tel: 0-2561-2918-21 or Tarutao National Park, Tambon Pak Nam, Amphoe La-ngu, Satun 91110 tel: 0-7478-1285 and Tarutao unit tel: 0-7472-9002-3.
Thale Ban National Park is at Ban Wang Prachan, Tambon Wang Prachan. The National Park is located 40 kms. from town and occupies an area of 195,200 square kilometers. The Park covers the National Reserve Forest of Ku Pang Pu To and Hua Ka Ming, including Khuan Bo Nam Pu Yu in Tambon Pu Yu, Amphoe Mueang. It was declared a national park on October 27, 1980.
The word "Thale Ban" derives from "Loet Ru Ban" in the Malay language, meaning a collapsed sea or a sea that was born out of a land collapse. Thale Ban National Park originated from a land depression between Khao Chin and Khao Mot Daeng. There is a large swamp, which covers an area of 101,360 square kilometers. Most of the area is mountainous and teeming with various kinds of plants and animals, such as water birds, tapir, and Khiat Wak, or Water Dog. The amphibious Khiat Wak resembles a frog or toad, but has a tail and yelps like a dog. Plenty of these creatures can be seen around the swamp in the rainy season. The Khiat Wak is an indigenous animal to Thale Ban. Bird-watchers should not miss a chance to see the different variety of birds here, including red back myna, woodpecker, bulbul, and swallow. Lodges and tents are available in the National Park. For more information, contact tel: 0-7479-7073.
Attractions in Thale Ban National Park :
- Bung Thale Ban is a large swamp that is situated in the middle of a valley and surrounded by the Chin and Wang Pra mountains. The swamp covers an area of 320 square kilometers and is full of freshwater fish and shells. There is an abundance of "Bakong" trees around the swamp. The park built a pavilion beside the swamp, which is an ideal place for recreation.
- Namtok Ya Roi is a waterfall which runs from Hua Kraming forest. It is a nine-level waterfall, each possessing a swimming basin. To get there, take Highway No. 4148 (Khuan Sato-Wang Prachan) for 7 kms., then turn right for 700 meters.
- Namtok Ton Plio originates from the Chin Mountain. It is a large waterfall that comes down several levels and has an all-year-round water flow. To get there, drive on Highway No. 1484 (Khuan Sato-Wang Prachan) for about 12 kms. from the park headquarters, then take a laterite road at the junction for another 3 kms.
Car - Take Highway No. 406 for 80 kms. to Khuan Don junction. After seeing the National Park sign on the left, turn left to Highway No.4184 for another 20 kms.
Public Bus - Take the Hat Yai-Satun bus at Hat Yai Bus Terminal to Khuan Sato junction, then ride a local truck (Song Taew) servicing the Satun-Wang Prachan line. The fare is 20 baht per person.
Tham Lot Pu Yu is at Khao Ka Yang, Tambon Pu Yu in the south of the National Park, 15 kms. from Satun town. Pu Yu means 'climbing perch'. It is a through-fare cave that is somewhat similar to Tham Lot of Phang-nga with beautiful stalactite and stalagmite formations. The Tha Chin canal, running in front of the cave, is lined with mangrove forests. Not far from Tham Lot is another cave inhabited by numerous bats. Getting there is possible by long-tail chartered boat from Tam Malang Pier, which is located 9 kms. from town. Touring around the area takes 2 hours.
Thai-Malaysian Border is only 2 kms. from the park office of Thale Ban National park. Padang Besar is 23 kms. away. The town is popular for low-cost goods. Ka-nga, the capital of the Malaysian State of Perlis, is about 30 kms. away from the border. The checkpoint is open from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. when various goods and products can be purchased at the Sunday market.
Car - Take Highway No. 406 for 19 kms., turn right at the junction, drive on to Highway No. 4184 at Km. 61 for 20 kms..
Public Transport - Take a Satun-Wang Prachan local truck (Song Thaeo) from Laem Thong Hotel or ride a Satun-Khet Daen bus at Khuan Sato junction. The bus leaves every hour.
Duson Irrigation Section is located at Moo 5 Ban Duson, 22 kms. from town. The reservoir stands in the middle of a valley. The area above the reservoir has caves amid steep slopes and lush greenery that offers mountain climbers a good view for admiring the surrounding flora. The Duson Irrigation Section can be accessed by driving on Satun-Hat Yai Highway No.406.
Tham Ton Din is in Tambon Wang Prachan, 20 kms. from Khuan Sato junction. The cave has magnificent stalactite and stalagmite formations and a constantly flowing stream.
Moo Ko Phetra National Park The sampan shaped island is situated on the Straits of Malacca, Andaman Sea in the Indian Ocean, west of Thailand. It consists of a long coastline from Tambon Pak Nam, La-ngu district, Tambon Khon Khlan, Thung Wa distict, Satun and Tambon Sukon, Pa Lian district, Trang. The several off-shore islands include Ko Phetra, Ko Khao Yai, Ko La Lo Ban Te, Ko Li Di, Ko Bu Loan, Ko Lao Liang, and Ko Perama. Most of the area consists of steep mountains with plains in the valleys and beaches. The park occupies both land and sea areas, with an area of 494.38 sq. kms. It was declared a national park on December 31, 1984 and is full of forest, mountains, wildlife, and colorful corals.
Attractions on Moo Ko Phetra National Park :
Ko Li Di Lek is located 5 kms. from the Office of Moo Ko Phetra National Park (Ao Nun), or 7 kms. from Pak Bara Pier. The National Park Protection Unit is located on this island. The island offers a white sandy beach and crystal clear water. The island also has mangrove forests and various kinds of marine animals. Tourists wishing to camp on the island must bring their own tents and food as there are no restaurants. Ko Li Di Yai, nearby Ko Li Di Lek, has bird nest concessions operated by the private sector and is off-limits to visitors.
Ko Bulon Le is located 22 kms. from Pak Bara Pier. The beach is white and the water here is suitable for swimming. Diving and snorkeling can be done around Ko Ayam and Ko Hin Khao, where one can get a great view of the sunset. At night a group of hermit crabs and smaller crabs populate the beach.
Travel from Satun to Moo Ko Phetra National Park :
The Office of Moo Ko Phetra National Park is located at Ao Nun basin, 3 kms. before reaching Pak Bara Pier. Take Highway No. 416 between the 6-km and 7-km markers, then turn left for 1.4 kms. The National Park is located 7 kms. from La-ngu district, or 56 kms. from Satun town.
Boats to islands that are located around Moo Ko Phetra National Park are available from Pak Bara Pier. Boats to Ko Bu Lon leave from the pier at 14.00 everyday. Boats from Ko Bulon to Pak Bara Pier leaves at 09.00 on the next day. The roundtrip fare is 240 baht per person. There is no boat service to Li Di Island, though a boat can be chartered from Pak Bara Pier to make the trip. For more information, contact the Pak Bara Ferry Association, tel: 0- 7478-1532.
Lodges and tents are available. For more information, contact the National Park Division, Forestry Department tel: 0-2561-2920 - 21 or the Moo Ko Phetra National Park, Ao Nun, 29 Moo 5, Tambon Pak Nam, La-ngu district, Satun 9110. Reservation must be made directly with the National Park and only visitors with advanced booking are allowed.
Namtok Wang Sai Thong is on Ro Po Cho Road (Thung Nang Kaeo-Wang Sai Thong Road). The waterfall can be reached by taking the Satun-La-ngu Road at Ban Ko Ta junction, Tambon Kamphaeng. From there, it is about 26 kms. to Namtok Wang Sai Thong. Namtok Wang Sai Thong is also accessible from Wa Bridge in Thung Wa district, Tambon Pa Kae Bo Hin. This route is 19 kms. The highlight of this waterfall is the pool of water in each limestone basin that resembles a blooming lotus when water falls down to that level. The area has large shady trees and is suitable for relaxation.
Satun Freshwater Fisheries Office is at Moo 7, Tambon Kamphaeng. The Fisheries Office is a nursing home of rare Kradan turtles that can be only be found here in all of Thailand. It is open from 8.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m., Monday-Friday. For more information, call 0-7478-1299.
Namtok Than Plio is at Moo 7, Tambon Thung Wa, 14 kms. from the District Office. The two-level waterfall originates from Lung Khroe Mountain in Trang-Satun. The lower level is a basin that is 40 meters wide and 50 meters long. The waterfall is surrounded by lush vegetation and various kinds of trees. To get there, drive off the Thung Wa-Pa Lian Road at the 35-km marker, continue onwards for 8 kms. to Ban Thung Yao Nui in Tambon Thung Wa.
Namtok Than Sawan is a five-level waterfall located at Tambon Khuan Kalong, 12 kms. from Khuan Kalong District Office. Drive onto the road that lies in front of the Industrial Estate Office junction, which passes the Khuan Kalong district, then drive onwards to Soi 10.
Namtok Panan is at Tambon Thung Nui, 39 kms. from town. The waterfall originates from Ka Ming Mountain. It has a year-round supply of water and is surrounded by a pleasant forested area.
International Kite Festival is held annually in February at Satun Airport, which is 4 kms. to Satun town.
Visit Tarutao Festival is an annual event held from November to April at Tarutao National Park.
Floating Boat Festival is held by fishermen living on Lipeh Island, Satun. On the 13 th -15 th day of the waxing moon in May and October, sea gypsies would gather for the traditional 3 days and 3 nights celebration in the belief that the ceremony scares away bad luck and brings good fortune for fishing.
Tarutao-Adang Fishing Club is held around March annually.
Hotels and accommodation
- Andaman Resort : Li Pe Island [0 7472 9200, 0 7471 1313] : 250-350 baht
- B.B. Garden Inn : 326 Yontrakankamthon Road,Amphoe Muang [0 7473 0808-9] : 160 baht
- Bubble Guesthouse : 50 Yatrasawat Road, Amphoe Muang [0 7472 2187] : 350 baht
- Bulon Resort : Bulon Island [01-990-7901] : 200-250 baht
- Chao Le Resort : Li Pe Island [0 7472 9201, 0 7473 2473] : 250-500 baht
- Daya Resort : Li Pe Island [0 7472 4013] : 200-350 baht
- Ko Klang Garden View : Amphoe Langu [ 0 7478 3273] : 250 baht
- Krachom Sai : Amphoe Langu [0 7478 1231] : 150 baht
- Li Pe Resort : Li Pe Island [0 74 71 2181, 0 7472 3804] : 300-1,200 baht
- Marina : Amphoe Langu [0 7478 1431] : 150-250 baht
- My House Bungalow : 111 Yontrakankamthon Road, Amphoe Muang [0 7472 1700, 0 7472 1748] : 300-380 baht
- Pan Sand Resort : Office at Pak Bara, Bulon Island [0 7521 8035, 0 7521 9513] : 200-1,250 baht
- Pattaya 2 Resort : Li Pe Island [0 7472 4013] : 200-500 baht
- Phangka Bay Resort : ResevationOffice in Satun Town : 19/6 Satun Thani Road, Bulon Island [01-990-2237] : 200-300 baht
- Phon Resort : Li Pe Island : 250-300 baht
- Rian Thong : 4-6 Samanpradit Road, Amphoe Muang [0 7471 1036] : 140-180 baht
- Royal Guesthouse : 447/7 Yontrakankamthon Road, Amphoe Muang [0 7477 3153] : 390 baht
- Sai Kaeo Resort : Amphoe Langu [0 7478 1233] : 250-350 baht
- Satun Thani : 90 Satun Thani Road, Amphoe Muang [0 7471 1010, 0 7471 2309] : 210-470 baht
- Sin Kiat Thani : 50 Buriwanit Road, Amphoe Muang [0 74721055-8 Fax: 0 7472 1059] : 600 baht
- Suan Son : Amphoe Langu [0 7478 1350] : 200-400 baht
- Tarutao National Park : Call Bangkok's National Park Division at or Tarutao National Park [0 2579 5734, 0 2579 7223 / 0 7472 9022, 0 7478 1285] : 280 baht / 750-1,000 baht /320 baht /100 baht
- Wang Mai : 43 Satun Thani Road, Amphoe Muang [0 7471 1611, 0 7471 1607-8, 0 7473 2246-7] : 550-1,300 baht
- Mali Seafood : 389 Mu 3 Tambon Pak Nam, Tel: 0-7478-1078
- Time : 43/1-2 Satun Thani Road, Tel: 0-7471-2286
- Mukda : 154 Khuha Prawet Road, Tel: 0-7471-2390
- Ban Lanna : 38 Satun Thani, Tel: 0-7472-2022
- Nam Thip : 93 Soi 2, Samantapradit Road, Tel: 0 7471-1242
- Nong Ni : 65 Rueangrit Charun Road, Tel: 0-7471-2277
- Nong Beer : Yontrakankamthon Road, Tel: 0-7472-2490
- Nok Nam : 41 Mu 3 Chalung-La-ngu Road, Tambon Khuan Pho, Tel: 0-1957-4096
- Saeng Thian : 2 Khuhaprawet Road, Tel: 0-7471-1325, 0- 7471-2210
- San ambin Resort : Yontrakankamthon Road Tel: 0-7471-1990
- Ruen Mai : 128/6 Soi 17, Satun Thani Road, Tel: 0-7471-1199
How to get there
* By car
From Bangkok, drive on Highway No. 4 past Prachuap Khiri Khan and Chumphon then take Highway No. 41 to Nakhon Si Thammarat and Phatthalung. From Phatthalung, drive on to Amphoe Rattaphum, Songkhla then take Highway No. 4 and turn right to Highway No. 406. It is 973 kilometres from Bangkok.
* By bus
The journey from Bangkok to Satun can be made on air-conditioned coaches originating from the Southern Bus Terminal. The coaches, varying in 3 types, depart from Bangkok at the following times:
VIP Bus : 6 p.m.
Standard 1 Bus : 7 a.m., 6.30 p.m. and 7 p.m.
Standard 2 Bus : 6.30 p.m.
The trip takes about 13 hours. For more information, call the Southern Bus Terminal at tel: 0 2435 1199-200 or the Satun Bus Station at tel: 0 7471 1446.
Satun can be reached by van, public bus and taxi from Hat Yai. Taxi is available at the Ratthakan Post Office, van and public bus can be found beside Dr. Somphot's Clinic near Hat Yai train station. The van leaves every hour form 7 a.m.-6 p.m. Public bus leaves from Hat Yai bus station every 2 hours from 6.30 a.m. to 4.35 p.m.
* By train
There is no direct train to Satun. Visitors can take a Bangkok-Hat Yai train, leaving the Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong) at 12.25 p.m., 2.20 p.m., 2.45 p.m. and 3.50 p.m. Getting off at the Hat Yai train station, visitors can take a taxi from Ratthakan Post Office to Satun. Vans and public buses are also available. It is 97 kilometres from Hat Yai to Satun. For more information on trains, contact the State Railways of Thailand, tel: 1690, 0 2223 7010, 0 2223 7020 or visit www.srt.or.th.
* By plane
There is no direct flight to Satun. The trip by air can be made via Hat Yai airport then taking a taxi or public bus to Satun for 97 kilometres. For more information on flight schedules, contact Thai Airways, tel: 1566, 0 2280 0060, 0 2628 2000 or visit www.thaiairways.com.